Charter-choice fans are ecstatic. Nevada's GOP legislature has decided to go all in on a state-wide voucher program.
"I think a healthy public school system has choice," says Sen. Scott Hammond, bill sponsor and future charter school chief. The
move was also lauded by Patricia Levesque, who is currently the head of
Jeb Bush's Foundation for Excellence in Education, the organization
that helped Nevada write the legislation.
The Thomas B. Fordham Institute is so delighted that they've devoted a few weeks of bloggy wonkathonning to talking about how awesome this will be.
will not be awesome. Here are five reasons that Nevada's imagined
future of choice-driven most excellent unicorn farming is just a mirage.
1) Let's talk about geography.
Nevada is the seventh-largest state in the US with over 110K square miles. And yet, those square miles are served by a grand total of 35,061 miles of roadway-- and that's counting every tiny local dirt road.
Nevada uses county-based school districts; there are seventeen counties in Nevada,
including Esmerelda County (pop. 783). In all, there are nine counties
with population of 10K or less. Of Nevada's 2.7 million people, 1.9
million live in Clark County, home of Las Vegas and one of the nation's
single largest school districts.
A choice system will have a
chance to play out in Clark County. In the rest of the state? Some of
those counties don't even have one high school, let alone several to
choose from. To choose another county's school creates serious
transportation issues. So while this may look like a massive change for
education across the state, this is really only aimed at one school
district. Charteristas like to talk about how this new money will lead
to lots of great new charters opening up, but I don't see any CMO's
racing up to Esmerelda County to cash in on that market.
2. The economics are weak.
Under the new rules, poor kids get a $5,700 voucher (not-so-poor kids get $5,100). The average private school tuition in Las Vegas is $8,393 for elementary school and $8,644 for high school.
That may not seem like a large gap to cover, but Nevada has been leading the country in child poverty rates, with Las Vegas
earning a long-standing reputation for being one of those cities-- if
you worked there, you couldn't afford to live there. Vouchers will be a
nice windfall for families that can already afford to outsource their
children's educations, but for most of the poor, all a voucher system
will do is strip more resources form the public schools in which they
In other words, if the goal of the voucher program is
to help poor students escape "failing" schools, the bad news is that it
will not help those students escape-- it will just make their schools
3. Choice sorts and segregates
Choice-charter supporters have an almost child-like faith in the free market system, despite all evidence. Here's Andy Smarick showing concern about previous failures:
experience with NCLB tutoring is instructive. It too was supposed to
empower families and create a vibrant supply of services. But the law
didn't work as expected.
But Smarick quickly concludes that
it was "the existing system" that "gummed up the works." He admits that
"emerging markets are inefficient and sometimes dodgy" but I see no
reason to believe that mature markets are dodge-free.
That charter schools might further segregation
is both predictable and unsurprising. To work a market that is broad
and varied, a business needs to sort potential customers according to
how much money can be made from them. Just watch (any non-Southwestern)
airline load passengers-- the traveling cattle have been sorted
according to how much good they can do for the airline.
promoters insist that a robust charter system will match students with
the schools that best fit their needs, but if that actually happened, it
would be the first time the free market worked that way, ever. We could
talk about automobiles or audio equipment, but since we're talking
schools, let's look at the market-based education system we already
have-- colleges and universities.
Colleges and universities
maintain complete control over their own admissions process, and that
process is based on one question-- what can you, potential student, do
to help us? The best answer is "Hook the college up with some money,"
closely followed by "Make the college look good (which will help with
the money hooking in the future)" The result is a post-high school
system that solidifies and reinforces class divisions in America. A charter-choice system will do the same.
4) The free market does not produce excellence
Here's a conversation nobody has, ever:
Chris: I need to go shopping for a product, and I need to be certain that I am getting the very best quality.
Pat: Well, then. Let's go to Wal-Mart.
is a huge success story, but that free market domination did not come
from pursuing excellent products or excellent service, but by finding
the most excellent ways to squeeze money out of retailing to non-wealthy
If Nevada's voucher system survives a court challenge,
I guarantee there will be charters launched on a business plan of
marketing to medium-poor parents in order to get those vouchers. They
will talk about marketing, and they will talk about how they can cut
costs to hold onto profits from the vouchers, and they might,
eventually, talk about providing a quality education, but that will
never, ever be their first concern. The winners
will be the charter operators who do the best job of figuring out how
to make money in this system, not the ones who provide the best
education for students. The losers will be the students who can't
provide a good source of profit for charters.
5) Taxation without representation
If you pay taxes in Nevada and have no school age children, you
have now been cut out of the loop. You have no say in what sort of
education those tax dollars are spent on. Voucher systems mean that
Black taxpayers can foot the bill for Aryan Supremecist High School and
conservative Christian taxpayers can fund a Sharia Law elementary
Worse, if many of your local parents decide to ride the
voucher train out of your local school, you'll be faced with the choice
of watching your local school fall into a deeper and deeper financial
pit or of raising taxes to make up the difference (though Nevada has a
tax cap, so that will only get you so far).
Local school districts
will increasingly fail as the vouchers strip resources. If you don't
believe that is so, I invite you to buy a second or third home so that
you can save money by running three houses instead of one. Or perhaps
you can go to work and suggest when times get tight that the company
should open more offices to save money. Increasing the total cost of the
education system by duplicating services and creating excess capacity
is financially wasteful, and it is the public schools that will pay the
For those inevitably driven-to-failure public schools,
Nevada would like to institute an Achievement School District, a method
of managing state takeovers. At that point, local voters and taxpayers
lose all semblance of a say in how their schools are run.
The end game in Nevada is pretty simple, pretty clear, and pretty close: the voucher program marks the end of any semblance of commitment to public education and
the beginning of a completely privatized system of schools for Nevada.
It will not be good for Nevada, it will not be good for students, it
will not be good for Nevada's taxpayers, and it will not fulfill any of
its promises. It will make a few edupreneurs wealthy. For everyone else,
the benefits of the voucher system will remain a mirage.
Originally posted in View from the Cheap Seats
To further a point- the chances that private school tuition will skyrocket is HUGE. Look at colleges- when the federal government made low-interest loans possible and students *could* spend more money, colleges were happy to take that and then some.ReplyDelete
With more students trying to go to these private schools (because middle-class parents can now afford them more readily), the private school would likely respond to the supply and demand issue by raising prices (as economics says they should), thus blocking out middle-class kids once again.
Dear Mr. Greene:ReplyDelete
I have had some ideas about this. As “school reformers” pay off legislators to allow what used to be called vouchers, will we see some of the charters reorganize themselves as private schools? There are pros and cons to this-on the one hand, if your charters are “non-profit” there are lots of grants and programs offering money and goods/services that being a non-profit can get you. On the other hand, private schools have very little government oversight, and what there is now could be made to go away, so money making as a private school might only be limited by the imagination. They are imaginative.
Charter companies might also open a second tier of private schools. In a two tier system, the charter schools might be “basic'” no-frills schools for the folks who only have vouchers. These schools might have only have attendance Aides and use on-line programs. The private schools, in addition to taking voucher money, could charge what the market would bear for a “better” education. They might have luxuries, like real in-person teachers, and even Specials.
I could even imagine, if public schools are closed, in the quest for every nickel, a charter chain opening up a bottom tier of schools one half-step up from a reform school. The choice for parents of anyone too expensive or difficult to educate would be the choice of that or nothing.
Damn. I'm now undecided whether to send this into the comments section or keep it as my first chapter of my dystopian futuristic science fiction novel.
Well, OK, my novel might start off that way-pretty dreary-but AH! -in chapter fifteen we elect Bernie and when the legislators who ride in on his coat-tails propose sweeping reforms (real ones) no one of the hanger-ons in any Legislatures dare oppose those reforms. Among those reforms are that the people get their schools back. The book ends happily for most.